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They represent a sound’s duration and pitch. The duration is represented by the type of note head ( the oval part of a note), and/or it’s stem and flag. Pitch is represented by the note’s position on the staff. The higher the note on the staff, the higher the pitch, and vice versa.
1 whole note = 2 half notes = 4 quarter notes = 8 eighth notes =
16 sixteenth notes = 32 – thirty-second = 64 Sixty-fourth notes etc.
In Britain the names are different for these notes values:
whole note = semibreve, half note = minim, quarter note = crotchet, eighth note = quaver, sixteenth note = semiquaver, thirty-second = demisemiquaver, Sixty-fourth note = hemidemisemiquaver etc.
Now let’s explore other elements of music notation…
To read the full detailed article see: Music Notation Basics